"Domestic violence is a widespread epidemic in the United States. Each year, between 1.8 and 4 million domestic violence incidents are reported. One in three women will experience some form of domestic violence in her lifetime. Civil protection orders (also known as protection from abuse orders or restraining orders) are a common remedy employed by the courts to prevent future violence and protect survivors of domestic violence. These orders can be tailored to fit the circumstances, but frequently include no contact provisions. However, no contact provisions can be difficult to enforce because the abuser is usually intimately familiar with the routine of the survivor. [...]"
Nicole Allaband, Using Electronic Monitoring to Enhance the Protection Offered by Civil Protection Orders in Cases of Domestic Violence: A New Technology Offers New Protection, 24 Rich. J.L. & Tech., no. 3, 2018.