On 19 January 2009, the International Court of Justice ("ICJ" or "the Court") issued its Judgment On the Request for the Interpretation of the Avena Judgment ("Judgment") denying Mexico's request for interpretation, and holding that the matters claimed by Mexico "are not matters which ha[d] been decided by the Court in its Judgment," and thus could not give rise to an interpretation as requested by 2Mexico.' This is probably the last step in a complex and lengthy litigation between Mexico and United States,2 which began on January 9, 2003, when Mexico instituted proceedings at the ICJ against the U.S. for violations of the 1963 Vienna Convention on Consular Relations ("Vienna Convention" or "the Convention").

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