When the Strong Punish: Why Net Costs of Punishment Are Often Neligible
In small-scale societies, punishment of adults is infrequent and employed when the anticipated cost-to-beneﬁt ratio is low, such as when punishment is collectively justiﬁed and administered. In addition, beneﬁts may exceed costs when punishers have relatively greater physical and social capital and gain more from cooperation. We provide examples from the Tsimane horticulturalists of Bolivia to support our claims.
Copyright © 2012 Cambridge University Press. This article first appeared in Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35, no. 1 (2012): 43-44.
von Rueden, Christopher and Michael Gurven. "When the Strong Punish: Why Net Costs of Punishment Are Often Negligible." Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35, no. 1 (2012): 43-44.