DOI

10.1027/1864-9335/a000422

Abstract

Whereas leadership is generally perceived as a masculine enterprise, heroism research suggests that people view heroes as similarly masculine, but having more feminine traits. We predicted that heroes will be evaluated higher than leaders in communion but not differ in agency. In Study 1, heroes were perceived to have higher communion and similarly high agency as leaders. In Studies 2 and 3, we replicated these trait ratings focusing on perceptions of typical heroes/leaders (S2) and personal heroes/leaders (S3). In Study 4, we showed that the greater level of communion associated with heroes is independent of their gender. In Study 5, using an implicit association test, we showed there is a stronger implicit association of communion with heroes than leaders.

Document Type

Post-print Article

Publication Date

7-2-2020

Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2020 Hogrefe Verlag.

DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000422

The definitive version is available at:

https://econtent.hogrefe.com/doi/10.1027/1864-9335/a000422

Full citation:

Hoyt, Crystal L., Scott T. Allison, Agatha Barnowski, & Aliya Sultan. "Lay Theories of Heroism and Leadership: The Role of Gender, Communion, and Agency." Social Psychology (July 2, 2020). doi:10.1027/1864-9335/a000422.

Available for download on Sunday, August 01, 2021

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