George Whitewolf's home was also just a stone's throw from Washington, D.C, and many Natives from the Lakota, Haudenosaunee, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, and countless other nations would stop at George's place for rest and ceremonies as they prepped for their difficult diplomatic visits to Congress and the BIA to discuss treaty rights, protest events like the Longest Walk, and other politically incendiary topics. In the 1970s, George was also very active in the American Indian Movement and his home was under frequent surveillance by the FBI.

Within a few years, George and his allies had made tremendous progress on both fronts and today Bear Mountain is once again the central site for Monacan cultural and political identity. Young Monacane can be seen and heard exercising their cultural sovereignty in various contexts, like the annual Monacan pow wow that George established in 1992. In fact, it was the proceeds from the first several powwows that raised the necessary money to purchase 100 acres on Bear Mountain.

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Copyright © 2010 Indian Country Today. This article first appeared in Indian Country Today (July 2010), 5.

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