We continue to learn about the unsettled condition of the Elizabethan religious settlement in the early 1560s. “Perceived deficiencies” associated with a woman's sovereignty and supreme governance of the realm's reformed church dictated that counsel be “insistently proposed to and, at points, imposed upon” Elizabeth I “by her godly male subjects.” We now appreciate, however, that the queen was not drawn or driven to the left by puritans, as John Neale influentially suspected in the 1950s. And we may conclude from David Crankshaw's recent study of the Canterbury provincial convocation of 1563 that the bishops her government appointed were not “as obstructive and even Backsliding” as historians once supposed.

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Copyright © 2003 Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte. This article first appeared in Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte. Ergänzungsband 32 (2003): 176-93.

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