Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science


Health Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Jennifer Nourse


Female sterilization is the second most common contraceptive method used by women in the U.S.. Historically, the procedure was done via laparoscopic surgery. However, in 2002, Bayer’s new female contraceptive device called Essure was approved by the FDA, allowing hysteroscopic sterilization. The Essure device is essentially a small metal coil that is inserted into each fallopian tube with the intention of causing swelling and scarring that closes off the tubes. The device was attractive for many women and physicians because the procedure could be performed in a doctor’s office rather than an operating room. As of 2015, 750,000 women had received Essure (Dhruva et. al., 2015, p. e17(1)).

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