Date of Award

Spring 1988

Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts




Despite religious controversy that threatened the church and

endangered the state, William Courtenay, as an aristocratic bishop,

succeeded in preserving the traditional structure of the medieval

English Church. During the second half of the fourtheenth century,

England sustained reversals abroad in the renewed war with France.

The military setbacks aggrevated the domestic unrest, which existed

under the uncertain leadership of senile Edward III and then young

Richard II. Church and state in medieval society were so closely

interwoven by means of a cohesive religion that "any substantial

alteration of the church system could have led to a revolution of a

type for which the age was not prepared,'' Thee prospect of heavy

and sustained expenses from the war effort caused the crown and

parliament to look to the wealth and endowments of the church as a

source of revenue.

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