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Music: General


The principle of the simultaneous cross-relation in vocal music has generally and commonly been associated with the English composers of the sixteenth century. This assumption has been more specifically connected with secular music, namely the English madrigal. To find the validity of this assumption in relation to both secular and sacred music I have compared the available vocal music of three English composers, two major and one minor: Thomas Tallis (1505-1585), William Byrd (1543-1623), and Thomas Whythorne (1528-1596). In deciding whether the simultaneous cross-relation was an aspect of English music exclusively, I examined vocal music of three composers of the continent, contemporaries of the English, for the use, if any, of the simultaneous cross-relation. Giovanni Palestrina (1525-1594), Orlando di Lasso (c. 1532-1594), and carlo Gesualdo (c, 1560-1613).

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