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This Torts I exam, given on January 26, 1932, begins with the following question:

1. A, mistakenly believing B to be his friend C, suddenly approaches B with his right hand in his coat pocket clutching a banana which is pointed toward B. B, under the impression that he is being attacked, instinctively swings a heavy cane at A, knocking him down and also knocking the hat from the head of D, who unexpectedly comes around the corner. E, seeing the fracas, tries to preserve peace, but is injured in the ensuing fight between A and B. F, a passerby, faints on account of fear. Discuss the liability of A, B and E.

(b) Discuss fully when and to what extent one is privileged to defend a third person.

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts I Exam, 26 Jan 1932