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This Torts I exam, given on September 8, 1932, begins with the following question:

l. A and B are playing golf. C, A's caddy, is inattentive, making A angry. A, intending to frighten C, aims a blow at him with a new golf club which he stops about six inches from C's head. C instinctively places D, B's caddy, in front of him to protect himself from the blow and in doing so knocks a club from B's hand. The head of A's golf club flies off striking a nearby tree and rebounding against C, putting his eye out. C's mother who is looking on becomes hysterical because her son's eye has been put out. Which torts, if any, against whom, and in whose favor, have been committed?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts I Exam, 8 Sept 1932