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This Torts exam, given by Professor William T. Muse on May 13, 1947, begins with the question:

A, a stranger, while walking near B's barn over B's open and unfenced fields, heard loud cries. He ran into the barn where he found B lying on the floor and C threatening D with a gun. A struck at C with a pitchfork. D, who with B and C had been rehearsing their parts in a melodrama, rushed at A as soon as he saw what was happening in order to prevent serious harm to C. In the ensuing struggle A stepped back onto a trapdoor with defective hinges and fell into the manure cellar. Despite A's cries that he could find no way out, B, C and D left without letting down a ladder. After feeling around in the dark, A finally made his escape through a door. What torts, if any, have been committed?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 13 May 1947