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This Torts exam, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on May 17, 1948, begins with the question:

A's valuable dog, which was well-known in the neighborhood, snatched up B's fur neckpiece and ran toward C's chicken yard. B and her husband, D, chased the dog onto C's land. C was sitting on his porch in a wheelchair and, fearing that the dog would kill his chickens, discharged both barrels of his shotgun at the dog, killing the dog and frightening D. C then pointed the gun at D and threatened to shoot him if he moved. B had gone out of sight in another direction to head off the dog. But, hearing the shots, B returned and was terrified to find C pointing the gun at her husband. Later B became hysterical and for months suffered from loss of weight and a nervous, run-down condition. After a few minutes C ordered D and B off his land but forbade them to pick up the neckpiece. What are the liabilities, if any, of all the parties?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 17 May 1948