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This Torts exam, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on May 20, 1954, begins with the question:
A shoots at B intending to kill him. The bullet misses B and strikes and destroys a costly vase belonging to C which is being carried by D. B was not aware of the incident until some time later. D was greatly startled but not in fear of harm, and he was in no wise physically injured. What, if any, is A's liability? Why? Why not?
University of Richmond, "T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 20 May 1954" (1954). Archived Law School Exams. 28.