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This Torts exam, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on May 28, 1957, begins with the question:

A operates a cold storage plant, renting lockers to members of the public. B enters A's office and at gunpoint demands all A's cash. A grabs for B's gun. In the scuffle, A bumps into C, a saleswoman who has entered the office to seek directions to a nearby residence. C is not hurt but her blouse is badly torn as it catches on an obstruction; while obtaining a new blouse she misses several intended sales calls. A subdues and unmasks him; B finds that the gun is a toy and that B is the 16 year old son of a customer of A. B protests that it was all a joke and was part of the initiation rites of a fraternity. A, not believing him but hoping to be helpful to B and his father, locks B in a refrigerated vault while calling B's father by telephone. B's father comes promptly for B, and upon hearing B's explanation, is angry at A over his treatment of B. What torts, if any? Why or why not?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 28 May 1957