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This torts exam, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on May 28, 1958, begins with the question:

Ale, canoeing up a river, landed on an island owned by Bottle. Bottle found the empty canoe on the shore and cast it adrift. When Ale discovered this, he went to Bottle and demanded that Bottle lend him a row boat to enable him to get across to the main land, a quarter mile away. Upon Bottle 's refusal, Ale jumped in Bottle's row boat, but before he could cast off Bottle grabbed him and pulled him out of the boat. Ale landed a severe blow on Bottle 's jaw, knocking him unconscious. Cork, Bottle's son, intervened at this point with a shotgun and began firing at Ale, who took flight and swam across to the main land. What tort or torts, if any, have been committed? By whom? Against whom? Why? Why not?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 29 May 1958