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This torts exam, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on May 18, 1966, begins with the question:

While canoeing up a river A's canoe capsized. A easily swam to a nearby island owned by B. A went to B and asked B to lend him a rowboat to get across to the mainland, a half mile away. Upon B's refusal, A jumped into B's rowboat, but before he could cast off B grabbed him and pulled him out of the boat. A landed a severe blow on B's jaw, knocking him unconscious. C, B's son, intervened at this point with a shotgun and began firing at A who took flight and swam across to the mainland. What tort or torts, if any, have been committed? By whom? Against whom? Why? Why not?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Exam, 18 May 1966