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This torts quiz, given by law school dean and professor William T. Muse on October 26, 1966, consists of one question:

A quarreled with B and C on the sidewalk of a downtown street. During the quarrel, A threw a heavy wrench at B and C intending that it kill one or both of them. The wrench missed both B and C and struck and smashed an antique urn being carried under her arm by D. E, D's husband, watched the incident in great anxiety from the window of his nearby antique shop and wanted to come to the aid of D but feared he would be shot if he left the shop. B was not aware of the wrench being thrown until sometime later when C told him. D was greatly startled but not in fear of harm, and she was in no wise physically injured. What torts, if any, have been committed? By whom? Against whom? Why? Why not?

Exam Date


T. C. Williams School of Law, University of Richmond: Torts Quiz, 26 Oct 1966