In August 2009, the World Trade Organization (“WTO”) au-thorized Brazil to impose sanctions against the United States for its continued subsidization of cotton producers in violation of the WTO Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (“SCM Agreement”) and the Agreement on Agriculture. The WTO approved Brazil’s use of sanctions outside the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (“GATT”), authorizing cross-retaliation against rights owed to the United States under the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (“TRIPS”). This is the third case of cross- retaliation authorized by a WTO arbitrator under the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU).
David J. Townsend,
Stretching the Dispute Settlement Understanding: U.S.—Cotton’s Relaxed Interpretation of Cross-Retaliation in the World Trade Organization,
Rich. J. Global L. & Bus.
Available at: https://scholarship.richmond.edu/global/vol9/iss2/2