Venezuela is a major oil-producing state and a founding member of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Its leaders resist global efforts to accelerate cuts in carbon dioxide emissions, and the country's low-cost oil supply to Latin America and the Caribbean countries may stall regional transition to alternative energy sources. Venezuela has been criticized for encouraging energy inefficiency with oil subsidies, but new state environmental programs promote conservation.
Copyright © 2008 Sage Publications, Inc. This article first appeared in Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change.
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Finley-Brook, Mary. "Venezuela." Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change. 1st ed. Vol. 3. Los Angeles: Sage Publications, 2008.