When Tropic of Cancer was published in Czechoslovakia in 1938, a working drawing from Bonheur de vivre by Henri Matisse appeared on the cover. While the choice of illustration certainly reflects the admiration for Matisse's work that Henry Miller expresses within the novel, Miller's interest in Matisse as an artist also reveals much about the novelist's aesthetics.
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Jones, Suzanne W. "The Miller-Matisse Connection: A Matter of Aesthetics." Journal of American Studies 21, no. 3 (December 1987): 411-15.