The purpose of this study is to provide new evidence for the existence of the 2 sg present active imperative *mimihí ‘measure’ in the Rigveda. Controlling to an extent for the effects of morphosyntax, I show that the poets do not localize the forms transmitted as mimihí in the meter similarly to the way that they localize forms of the same metrical/phonological shape, e.g. did¯ıhí ‘shine’, ´si´s¯ıhí ‘sharpen’, gr.n. ¯ıhí ‘sing’. Instead, they localize them like forms of the shape *mimihí , e.g. kr.n. uhí ‘make’, ´sr.n.uhí ‘hear’, tanuhi ‘stretch’. Thus we should restore *mimihí . I then suggest that *mimihí should be understood as the regular phonological development of *mimh1dhi , a form that had not yet undergone the analogical process that produced the ¯ı in Class III reduplicated present stems of the type mim¯ı- , ´si´s¯ı- , i.e. preconsonantal weak stems formed to roots of the shape C¯a -.

Document Type

Book Chapter



Publication Date


Publisher Statement

Copyright © 2018 Beech Stave Press. This chapter first appeared in Vina Diem Celebrent: Studies in Linguistics and Philology in Honor of Brent Vine.

Please note that downloads of the book chapter are for private/personal use only.

Purchase online at http://www.beechstave.com/vine.html