The purpose of this study is to provide new evidence for the existence of the 2 sg present active imperative *mimihí ‘measure’ in the Rigveda. Controlling to an extent for the effects of morphosyntax, I show that the poets do not localize the forms transmitted as mimihí in the meter similarly to the way that they localize forms of the same metrical/phonological shape, e.g. did¯ıhí ‘shine’, ´si´s¯ıhí ‘sharpen’, gr.n. ¯ıhí ‘sing’. Instead, they localize them like forms of the shape *mimihí , e.g. kr.n. uhí ‘make’, ´sr.n.uhí ‘hear’, tanuhi ‘stretch’. Thus we should restore *mimihí . I then suggest that *mimihí should be understood as the regular phonological development of *mimh1dhi , a form that had not yet undergone the analogical process that produced the ¯ı in Class III reduplicated present stems of the type mim¯ı- , ´si´s¯ı- , i.e. preconsonantal weak stems formed to roots of the shape C¯a -.
Copyright © 2018 Beech Stave Press. This chapter first appeared in Vina Diem Celebrent: Studies in Linguistics and Philology in Honor of Brent Vine.
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Gunkel, Dieter. “Localizational evidence for the restoration of Rigvedic *mimihí ‘measure’.” In Vina Diem Celebrent: Studies in Linguistics and Philology in Honor of Brent Vine, edited by Dieter Gunkel, Stephanie W. Jamison, Angelo Mercado, and Kazuhiko Yoshida, 76-92. Ann Arbor: Beech Stave Press, 2018.