This study demonstrates the formation of nanoparticles (NPs) from metal salts within ceramic glazes, such that the use of this colorant technology is more accessible to artisans, employs less metal content, is less environmentally harmful, and allows for the use of traditional kilns. Gold NPs have been demonstrated to possess a specific, low material loading use as a ceramic glaze colorant via plasmon resonance. Pre-synthesized gold NPs that are added to ceramic glazes have been found to significantly change in size after firing in both reductive and oxidative atmospheres, but still maintain some size relationships and color properties. Unfortunately, it is not viable for the art community to fabricate and employ gold NP systems with high precision in a studio setting; however, the use of noble metal salts or metal oxides are realistic. To that end, this work investigates spontaneous gold and silver NP synthesis by the firing-induced development of NPs from metallic salts included within the glaze materials. Glaze samples with gold and silver salts are fired in reductive and oxidative environments, yielding a range of surface plasmon coloring effects for ceramic coloring. Additionally, the use of gold NP waste (precipitated Au NPs waste) was added to wet ceramic glazes to investigate firing effects on NPs precipitate and potential use as an alternative colorant. Sintering-induced NP nucleation and growth was observed after firing in both oxidation and reduction environments, although to differing degrees. The direct noble metal salt application process eliminates the need for preliminary gold NP synthesis, thus allowing for more practical and environmentally friendly methods in creating plasmonic resonance ceramic coloring, potentially reflective of the processes employed in ancient nanoparticle glasses.
Copyright © 2016 Springer. Article first published online: 21 August 2018, Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials.
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N. Dinh, M. C. Leopold, and R. Coppage, “Sintering-Induced Nucleation and Growth of Noble Metal Nanoparticles for Plasmonic Resonance Ceramic Color,” Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials 2018, 28, 2770-2778. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10904-018-0952-2