ariations on the Bergman Cyclization Theme: Electrocyclizations of Ionic Penta-, Hepta-, and Octadiy




The Bergman cyclization of (Z)-hexa-3-ene-1,5-diyne to form the aromatic diradical p-benzyne has garnered attention as a potential antitumor agent due to its relatively low cyclization barrier and the stability of the resulting diradical. Here, we present a theoretical investigation of several ionic extensions of the fundamental Bergman cyclization: electrocyclizations of the penta-1,4-diyne anion, hepta-1,6-diyne cation, and octa-1,7-diyne dication, leveraging the spin-flip formulation of the equation-of-motion coupled cluster theory with single and double substitutions (EOM-SF-CCSD). Though the penta-1,4-diyne anion exhibits a large cyclization barrier of +66 kcal mol–1, cyclization of both the hepta-1,6-diyne cation and octa-1,7-diyne dication along a previously unreported triplet pathway requires relatively low energy. We also identified the presence of significant aromaticity in the triplet diradical products of these two cationic cyclizations.

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