Date of Award

1978

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts

Department

Psychology

Abstract

In the present research 82 freshmen at the University of Richmond who had previously been administered the Omnibus Personality Inventory (OPI) volunteered for a short discussion session after which each student completed a 9 item leadership scale on each of the other group members. A multiple regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between the Social Extroversion scale of the UPI and ratings of group participation (r=.JB,~<.01). A post hoc multiple discriminant analysis identified 7 OPI scales which discriminated 64.4~ of the cases into correct leadership groups. These findings support a leader-follower-nonleader paradigm for small group participation, identifying unique personality configurations for each group -- leaders who participate actively and who organize the group process, followers who offer suggestions or congeniality, and nonreaders who either refuse to interact or become antagonistic to group goals. Suggestions for future research include a need for observer ratings of group interactions as well as more extensive personality measures of social variables such as dominance and social desirability.

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Psychology Commons

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