Date of Award
Master of Arts
Some kinds of educational tests have been in use for centuries, dating back to oral tests of Socrates. It was not until 1845, however, that the brilliant Horace Mann first pointed to the advantage of written essay examinations over oral. And even then he could not precipitate any great rush toward the use of written tests.
Spital, Charles, "An analysis of academic achievement in psychology" (1950). Master's Theses. 1043.