The first amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees our basic freedoms of speech and press. In recent years newsmen have been subpoenaed with increasing frequency to testify before grand juries, legislative committees, administrative hearings and in criminal and civil cases. When subpoenaed they have argued that the first amendment is a shield which protects them from compelled disclosure of confidential information and identity of source
Constitutional Law- Freedom of the Press- Virginia Recognizes a Newsman's Qualified First Amendment Privilege of Confidentiality of Information and Identity of Source,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
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