Both the United States Constitution' and the Constitution of Virginia recognize the right of an individual to be protected against successive prosecutions for the same crime. While the concept of double jeopardy is rooted in the English common law and early case law of the United States, it has been predominant in the criminal law, and has gained little acceptance in the area of juvenile law, which has been regarded as a civil proceeding.
Juvenile Law- Double Jeopardy,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol8/iss3/8