During the past decade, the Supreme Court loosened restraints that it had previously imposed upon government aid to religious institutions. In 1996, Congress and the President seized upon this phenomenon and implemented a controversial provision in the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996-also known as the Welfare Reform Act of 1996. Included among the various revolutionary provisions of this legislation is something known as Charitable Choice. This program authorizes states to contract with religious institutions to provide social welfare services on behalf ofthe states.
David J. Freedman,
Wielding the Ax of Neutrality: The Constitutional Status of Charitable Choice in the Wake of Mitchell v. Helms,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol35/iss2/4