There is a growing environmental problem in the United States with contaminated property which is left abandoned or underused. These properties are commonly known as "brownfields."' The type or extent of the contamination may vary from site to site. The types of waste could include hazardous, solid, or petroleum waste components; and the extent of the contamination may be minimal, severe, or even unknown. In 1995, the Congressional Office of Technology Assessment reported that the number of sites that currently remain contaminated are estimated to range from "tens of thousands to 450,000 sites."
Stacie A. Craddock,
A Call for Public Participation in State Voluntary Remediation Programs: Strategies for Promoting Public Involvement Opportunities in Virginia,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol30/iss2/7