On September 30, 1991, a party of military leaders overthrew the first democratically elected government in Haitian history. Although Haiti's former president, Jean Bertrand Aristide escaped to safety, many of his supporters were not so fortunate. Numerous Haitians were tortured and killed due to their political affiliation. Fearing similar persecution, thousands of Haitian nationals abandoned their belongings and fled to the high seas in an attempt to reach the United States. Soon thereafter, the United States Coast Guard began interdicting an increasing number of Haitian boats as they made their way into international waters.
Jason W. Konvicka,
Give Use Your Tired, Your Poor, Your Huddled Masses . . . Except When They Have HIV: An Analysis of Current United States Immigration Policy Regarding HIV-Positive Aliens in Light of Guantanamo Bay,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol27/iss3/8