With the passage of the Immigration Act of 19901 ("the Act"), employment-based and family-sponsored immigration underwent sweeping and dramatic reforms. By implementing new criteria for both these areas of immigration, the Act sought to realize its new policy of strengthening American competitiveness in the global economy and to reinforce its prior policy of favoring family reunification. The Act, which was signed into law by President Bush on November 29, 1990, and went into effect on October 1, 1991, "represents the culmination of a decade-long reform process that began with the Select Commission on Immigration and Refugee Policy in 1979." The resulting legislation represents the most comprehensive revision of United States immigration law in sixty-six years, and like "previous attempts at immigration reform, the goals of the 1990 Act may be difficult to carry into practice."
Vishwa B. Bhargava,
Employment-Based Preferences Categories: An Effort to Simplify Has Resulted in More Paperwork,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol27/iss3/7