When an employer and a labor union negotiate over an employment contract, their agreements are usually set forth in a collective bargaining agreement. The collective bargaining agreement defines the relationship between the employer and the unionized employees and addresses such matters as wages, hours, and other conditions of employment. Additionally, collective bargaining agreements usually include grievance procedures and arbitration clauses to resolve disputes between the employer and the unionized employees.
David C. Gardiner Jr.,
Steering Away From the Arbitration Process: Recognizing State Law Tort Actions for Unionized Employees,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol24/iss2/7