In 1972, Congress enacted Title IX of the Education Amendments in response to widespread sex discrimination by educational institutions. The goal of the statute was to prevent the use of federal funds to support discriminatory practices by institutions of higher education. In 1975, the Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) issued regulations pursuant to sections 901 and 902 of Title IX. These regulations were specifically directed at the employment practices of federally funded education programs.
Claire G. Cardwell,
Title IX and Employment Discrimination: North Haven Board of Education v. Bell,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol17/iss3/7