The seventh amendment to the United States Constitution states that "[i]n Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved."' When Congress enacted the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, the right to jury trial at common law remained undisturbed.
Barrett E. Pope,
Non-jury Trial of Civil Litigation: Justifying a Complexity Exception to the Seventh Amendment,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol15/iss4/7