The implication doctrine allows a federal court to create a private cause of action from a federal statute that does not expressly provide for a private remedy. In Cort v. Ash, the Supreme Court articulated a four factor test to determine when this doctrine should be utilized. This comment will provide a brief history of the implication doctrine and of the major Supreme Court decisions that culminated in the Cort test. Relevant Supreme Court decisions after Cort,will then be examined to reveal a new, more restrictive approach to implication. Finally, reasons will be advanced that justify this stricter approach.
William F. Gallalee,
Private Causes of Action from Federal Statutes: A Strict Standard for Implication by Sole Reliance on Legislative Intent,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol14/iss3/6