Since World War H, revolutionary changes have overtaken the American law of products liability. Such changes have been in response to the increase in consumer injuries resulting from defects in sophisticated products mass-produced by sophisticated manufacturing processes. This has occurred during a time of increased litigiousness and general awareness of the need for consumer protection. Accordingly, products liability suits have multiplied, and the legal theories used to determine the outcome of such suits have similarly been in an era of dramatic transition. Such legal changes have significantly affected both tort and warranty law across the country. Until 1960 products liability suits were brought primarily in warranty or negligence. Today, strict tort liability has become established as a powerful legal doctrine.
John P. Rowley III & Sally Y. Wood,
Virginia Should Adopt Strict Tort Recovery in Products Liability,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol14/iss2/5