During the years of the Warren Court, much social progress was achieved in this country through litigation. In the areas of civil liberties and civil rights this was chiefly done through affirmative law suits brought in federal court under the Civil Rights Act of 1870. While this Act was not widely used in its first ninety years, its development in the last two decades has been remarkable. Suits under the Constitution and this Act have brought dramatic change in the fields of civil rights and civil liberties.
John D. Grad & Philip J. Hirschkop,
Prisoners' Rights Litigation- 42 U.S.C. §1983- Litigation: Plaintiff's View,
U. Rich. L. Rev.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/lawreview/vol11/iss4/5