Responding to a question concerning whether or not his followers should pay taxes to the Roman government, the Bible records that Jesus answered, "Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's and unto God the things that are God's." This statement, quoted in the Bible's Gospel of Matthew, has been called one of the "most revolutionary and history-making utterances that ever fell from those lips divine.",While the famous words of Jesus make clear the existence of a distinction between the realms of religion and government, they shed little light on the type of balance that should be struck between them.
Joanna L. Suyes,
An Examination of the United States Supreme Court's Recent Establishment Clause Rulings in Mccreary County, Ky. v. American Civil Liberties Union and Van Order v. Perry,
Rich. J.L. & Pub. Int.
Available at: http://scholarship.richmond.edu/jolpi/vol9/iss1/4