To understand leaders and leadership, one must understand groups and their dynamics. Leadership can occur across great distances, as when a leader influences followers who are distributed across differing contexts, but in many cases leadership occurs in an intact group that exists in a specific locale: Teams, boards, advisory councils, and classrooms arc all examples of groups that work toward shared goals with, in many cases, the help and guidance of a leader. Leadership can be considered a set of personality traits or a specific set of behaviors enacted by an individual, but an interpersonal, group-level conceptualization considers Ieadership to be a reciprocal, transactional, and sometimes transformational process in which one or more members of a group influence and motivate others to promote the attainment of collective and individual goals.
Copyright © 2010 SAGE Publications. This article first appeared in Political and Civic Leadership: A Reference Handbook.
Please note that downloads of the article are for private/personal use only.
Purchase online at SAGE Publications.
Forsyth, Donelson R. "Groups and Teams." Political and Civic Leadership: A Reference Handbook. Edited by Richard A. Couto. Vol. 2. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE Publications, 2010. 781-89.