Emancipation began with a flickering promise, burned intensely for a few years during Reconstruction, and then smoldered for a century. Equality and justice have come into view for most African-Americans only in the past two generations. For many descendants of slavery, those essential rights of a free people are still hard to see.
Copyright © 2005 Richmond Times-Dispatch. This article first appeared in Richmond Times-Dispatch, October 23, 2005.
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Edward L. Ayers. "Generations Later: Has Once-Remote Promise of Freedom Been Fulfilled?" Richmond Times-Dispatch, October 23, 2005, F1.