This article focuses on the period from 1928 to 1935, Depression years, when Harold Jowitt was director of native development. During these years, debates over the Jeanes teacher program, and specifically over the careers of Matthew Magorimbo and Lysias Mukahleyi, exposed both the needs that drew the administration and missions toward community-based development, and the questions of power, authority, and resources that blocked community development, and more specifically the Jeanes teacher program, from achieving its stated aims.

Document Type


Publication Date


Publisher Statement

Copyright © 1998 Boston University African Studies Center. This article first appeared in International Journal of African Historical Studies 31:1 (1998), 279-300.

Please note that downloads of the article are for private/personal use only.